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The indigenous people who lived in this area for centuries have been called Kodavas. They had basically been agriculturists and also known as great warriors. But they have been ruled by other South Indian dynasties like Kadambas, the Gangas, the Cholas, the Chalukyas, the Rastrakutas, the Hoysalas and Vijaynagar Rayas. It was known as Coorg (anglicised name) earlier.
Location of the District:
It is located on the eastern slopes of Western Ghats
Latitude 12° 19' 45 North
Longitude 75° 53' 44 East
Kodagu is bordered by
(a) Hassan District - in the north
(b) Dakshina Kannada district - in the north-west
(c) Mysore District - in the East
(d) Kannur District (Kerala) - in the south-west
(e) Wayanad District (Kerala) - in the South
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As per Census of India, the population of Kodagu District is 554,762. It's ranking in terms of population is 539 out of 640 districts in India.
The geographical area of this District is 4102 Sq. Kms or 1584 Sq. Miles.
Representation at State and National levels:
Karnataka Legislative Assembly:
(1) Sh. M. P. Appachu Rajan representing Madikeri constituency
(2) Sh. K. G. Bopaiah representing Virajpet constituency
Sh. Adagooru Huchegowda Vishwanath representing Mysore Lok Sabha constituency (Kodagu is a part of Mysore Lok Sabha constituency)
The main river in District Kodagu is Kaveri or Cauvery which originates at Talakaveri located on the eastern side of the Western Ghats. A greater part of Kodagu is drained by this river and its tributaries.
Kodagu has intense rainfall in the months of July and August but may have showers in the month o November. Minimum rainfall is 1,500 millimetre and in some of the areas, the yearly rain fall exceeds 4,000 millimetres.
The temperature is normally highest during April-May. The average temperature in the District is 15 °C and it ranges between 100 to 28 °C
Rich with wildlife, Kodagu has three sanctuaries, namely, Brahmagiri, Pushpagiri and Talakaveri Sanctuaries. In addition, it has National Park at Nagarhole . Many species of deer, tiger, leopard, dhole, gaur and Asian elephants are found in the forests of Kodagu.
This beautiful hill station has natural forest spread in a large area especially in the south and east. Agro forestry is very common. Coffee is the most common plantation crop in this District and is one of the most revenue earning source. It is also known for growing of spices like black pepper, vanilla and cardamom. Forest honey is in plenty. Rubber, teak and cocoa are the other crops cultivated in Kodagu.
Kodagu is considered to be a prosperous district of Karnataka and agriculture, forestry and plantation form a considerable part of its economy. Coffee contributes as a major cash crop. Tourism has also picked up during the recent years.
There are three main festivals celebrated in this District. These are (a) Kailpodhu, celebrated to mark the transplantation of rice crop on September 3, (b) Kaveri Sankrmana, connected with river Kaveri in mid- October and (c) Puttari, linked with the harvesting of rice in late November or early December.
Kodagu is a well-connected hill station and can be approached by road, railways, airport and seaport.
Kodagu is well connected with three Ghat roads (a) Sampaje-Madikeri Ghat road from Mangalore (b) Makutta-Perubadi/ Virajpet Ghat road from Kannur and Thalssery and (c) Panathur-Bhagamandal Ghat Road from Kanhagad and Kasaragod.
Nearest railway stations – Mysore and Hassan in Karnataka state and Thalassery and Kannur in Kerala State
Nearest Airports are (a) Mysore Airport which is 130 kms from Madikeri and 115 Kms from Virajpet. (b) Mangalore International Airport which is located at a distance of about 140 kms from Madikeri and 172 ks from Virajpet.
The nearest seaport is New Mangalore Port at Panambur which is about 145 kms from Madikeri.